Ancient Indian History
The gods Shiva and Pārvatī appear in South Asian sculpture in several iconographic forms and incarnations. In this form, Shiva appears as Maheshvara, or the Great God, and Pārvatī as Uma, the daughter of Himavan, the King of Mountains. In her incarnation as Uma, the goddess performed many meritorious deeds in order to marry Shiva. Together, Uma and Maheshvara represent an ideal married couple with arms draped around each other. Their two sons, Ganesha and Skanda, stand beneath them on either ...
Chandragupta Maurya: 340-289 BCE. At age twenty he ruled an Indian empire that stretched from the Bay of Bengal to the Arabian Sea and as far north as the Hindu Kush in Afganistan. Commanded highly trained Greek and Indian warrior women as his personal bodyguard. Numbering 500, they were armed with swords, bows, and spears in various combinations. Founder of the Mauryan Dynasty. Asoka was his grandson.
Mohenjo-daro bath. Almost every house at Mohenjo-Daro was equipped with a private bathing area with drains to take the dirty water out into a larger drain that emptied into a sewage drain. Many of these bathing areas had water tight floors to keep moisture from seeping into the other rooms nearby or below.
Indus culture seems to have gradually spread from west to east, with sites towards central and southern India flourishing after Harappa and Mohenjo Daro had declined. The drying up of the ancient Saraswati or Ghaggar-Hakra River, east of and parallel to the Indus, may also have affected the civilization. this article gives an overview of the Indus River Valley civilization.