John Gillespie Magee During the Nanking Massacre Magee was performing missionary work in Nanking and was at the same time the chairman of Nanking Committee of the International Red Cross Organization. Disregarding his own safety, Magee ran out and took part in rescuing more than 200,000 Chinese soldiers and civilians. Magee shot several hundred minutes of film. These films recorded men being beheaded by the Japanese army, women raped, and corpses lying all over in villages.
1937 Many women and girls were raped and killed. Japanese troops launched a massive attack upon the city. Defending Chinese troops decided to retreat to the other side of the Yangtze River. In the following six weeks, the occupying forces engaged in an orgy of looting and mass execution which came to be known as the Nanking Massacre. Most experts agree that at least 300,000 Chinese died, and 20,000 women were raped. Some estimate the numbers to be much higher - 340,000 and 80,000 respectively.