Ancient Roman bronze legionary helmet of Aquincum type, Imperial time period, Principate.
Elmo in bronzo della fanteria di tipo "H" italico imperiale. Rinvenuto a Niedermormter, nei pressi di Xantren. Questo pezzo è l'ultimo esemplare conosciuto di elmo della fanteria romana derivato dal modello gallico. realizzato probabilmente tra la fine del secondo e l'inizio del terzo secolo d.C. Collezione Rheinisches Landesmuseum a Bonn (Germania).
Image gallery: helmet
Side: right Copper alloy Roman legionary helmet, coolus type E. Hemispherical skull-cap, broad neck-guard, separate brow-guard attached by a rivet at either side and originally secured to the skull cap in front with solder. Tubular plume-holder and attachment for cheek-piece at each side, traces of knob on plume holder at top; hole for suspension in neck guard. Gash in front, repaired. Four punched inscriptions on neck guard. J.M.VLVRI.-AVL- J.MAR--POSTVMVS I SER.RVFI J.MA.AVL.SAVPEI
Hybrid Boeotian-Pilos helmet, hellenistic period, 2nd - early 1st century B.C. The skull of the helmet, measuring circa 22 cm with a hammered brow element rising to a point in the centre front, with volutes on either side. There is a famous depiction of this helmet type on the Domitius Ahenobarbus relief (late 2nd - 1st century BC) which was discovered in Rome and sparked debate on deployment in the Late Republican Roman Army. Private collection, from Hermann Historica auction
Thames Coolus, a Robinson's type E coolus helmet of mid 1st c CE in possession of British Museum. Especially interesting because of so many ownership marks on the neckguard. It was a well attested custom of Roman legionaries to punch their names in genitivus (often also their centuria's affiliation) on personal items. Here as many as 5 different owners can be indentified: Dulcius, Postumus, Saufeus, Servius & Rufus. This shows how long sometimes equipment circulated, was recycled in Roman…
Roman auxiliary helmet from Thracia. It have had a neck guard made of mail or scale armour. The burial, attributed to a Roman auxiliary soldier (whether archer or cavalryman is debated), is dated to the late 1st c. CE.