close up of Quanah Parker, the last Comanche chief, son of a Commanche brave and a kidnapped white girl named Cynthia Ann Parker, taken at age 9 from Ft. Parker in Mexia, TX. The fort still stands and can be toured today.
Black Elk was involved in several battles with the U.S. cavalry. He participated, at about the age of twelve, in the Battle of Little Big Horn of 1876, and was injured in the Wounded Knee Massacre. He became a Medicine Man of the Oglala Sioux. He taught the first peace was to realize that we are one with all creation and to realize that at the center of all creation was the Great Spirit and that it is everywhere and within us.