Karl Schmidt-Rottluff German Expressionist 1884-1976

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German expressionists Emil Nolde Max Beckmann August Macke Otto Dix Franz Marc Kandinsky Paul Klee Edvard Munch Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (Karl Schmidt until 1905; 1 December 1884 – 10 August 1976) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker; he was one of the four founders of the artist group Die Brücke. Schmidt-Rottluff was born in Rottluff, nowadays a district of Chemnitz, on 1 December 1884. He attended the humanistische gymnasium (classics-oriented secondary school) in Chemnitz where he befriended Erich Heckel. In 1905 he enrolled in architecture at the Sächsische Technische Hochschule in Dresden, following in Heckel's footsteps, but gave up after one term.[1] While there, however; Erich Heckel introduced him to Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Fritz Bleyl. They all passionately shared similar artistic interests and used architecture as a front to study art behind it. They founded Die Brücke in Dresden on 7 June 1905 with the aim of creating a style that was uncompromising and denouncing of all traditions. Its first exhibition opened in Leipzig in November of the same year.[2] Woman with a Bag by Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1915) In 1906, Schmidt added his native town of Rottluff to his surname. He spent the summer of that year on the island of Alsen with Emil Nolde where he convinced him to join Die Brücke. Being known as a loner of the group, Schmidt-Rottluff spent the summers on the coast at Dangast, near Bremen from 1907 to 1912. From 1905 to 1911, during the group's Dresden stay, Schmidt-Rottluff’s and his fellow group members followed a similar path of development and were heavily influenced by the styles of Art Nouveau and Neo-impressionism. Schmidt-Rottluff’s works stood out from his peers because of their balance of composition and simple form, which together served to exaggerate their flatness. He spent 1910 painting some of his most infamous landscape works that received recognition and fame. In December 1911, he and the other members of Die Brücke moved from Dresden to Berlin.[1] The group was dissolved in 1913, largely due to the artist's independent moves to Berlin and a systemic shift in artistic direction from each individual member. Schmidt-Rottluff began to adopt more subdued coloring and placed greater emphasis in his pictures on draughtsmanship, which featured dark, contrasting lines between shapes rather than juxtaposing colors, which had previously been the norm. Around 1909 he was instrumental in reviving the woodcut as a beloved and usable medium. From 1912 to 1920 he adopted a much more angular style in his woodcuts and experimented with wood carved sculptures. From 1915 to 1918, Schmidt-Rottluff served as a soldier on the Eastern Front (World War I), but these experiences never heavily reflected in his artwork. At the end of the war, he became a member of the Arbeitsrat für Kunst in Berlin, which was an anti-academic, socialist movement of German artists during the German Revolution of 1918–19. Schmidt-Rottluff’s angular, contrasting style became more colorful and looser in the early 1920s, and by the mid-1920s he began to evolve into flat shapes with gentle outlines. Through this development he remained committed to landscape painting as a whole. The rewards and honors Schmidt-Rottluff received after World War I, as Expressionism gained recognition in Germany, were stripped from him after the rise to power of the Nazi Party. He was expelled from the Prussian Academy of Arts in 1933, two years after his admission[3] In 1937, 608 of Schmidt-Rottluff's paintings were seized from museums by the Nazis and several of them shown in exhibitions of "degenerate art." By 1941, he was expelled from the painters guild and banned from painting. Much of his work was lost in the destruction of his Berlin studio in World War II, where he briefly returned to Rottluff afterwards to recover.[1] His reputation was gradually rehabilitated after the war. In 1947, Schmidt-Rottluff was appointed professor at the University of Arts in Berlin-Charlottenburg, where he would go on to exhibit a great influence on the new generation of German artists. An endowment made by him in 1964 provided the basis for the Brücke Museum in West Berlin, which opened in 1967 as a repository of works by members of the group.[3] Schmidt-Rottluff was a prolific artist, with 300 woodcuts, 105 lithographs, 70 etchings, and 78 commercial prints described in Rosa Schapire's Catalogue raisonné. He passed away in Berlin 10 August 1976.

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, a German expressionist painter Paul Klee, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Max Beckmann, Edvard Munch, Wassily Kandinsky, Art Dégénéré, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Degenerate Art, Paisajes
Edvard MunchWassily KandinskyKarl Schmidt RottluffDegenerate Art

Les éphémérides d'Alcide 1er décembre

Retrouverez plusieurs événements qui se sont passés au fil des ans

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Steilküste, 1961. Öl auf Leinwand. 87 x 101 cm. Brücke-Museum Berlin. Karl und Emy Schmidt-Rottluff Stiftung Berlin Museum, Emil Nolde, Abstract Landscape, Landscape Paintings, Landscapes, Kandinsky, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Dibujo
Emil NoldeKandinskyKarl Schmidt RottluffDibujo

drawpaintprint

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Steilküste, 1961. Öl auf Leinwand. 87 x 101 cm. Brücke-Museum Berlin. Karl und Emy Schmidt-Rottluff Stiftung

amare-habeo: “karl schmidt-rottluff (german, 1884 - blue window (blaues fenster), n/d ” Berlin Museum, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde, Max Beckmann, Wassily Kandinsky, Ludwig Meidner, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, James Ensor, Dibujo

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff - Blue Window

In the Twilight, 1912 (oil on canvas), Karl Schmidt-Rottluff Max Beckmann, August Macke, Paula Modersohn Becker, Paul Klee, Kandinsky, Ludwig Meidner, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, George Grosz, Printmaking
August MackeKandinskyLudwig MeidnerKarl Schmidt RottluffGeorge Grosz

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IMG_5402O Karl Schmidt Rottluff 1884-1976 Paysage avec des arbres. Landscape with trees. 1928 Dresde. Gemälde Galerie Neue Meister. Albertinum.

Karl Schmidt Rottluff 1884-1976 Paysage avec des arbres. Landscape with trees. 1928 Dresde. Gemälde Galerie Neue Meister. Albertinum. ART MODERNE : LE RENOUVELLEMENT DES FORMES L'Art Moderne, annoncé dès le début du 20è siècle par les peintres romantiques (Delacroix) et les pré-impressionnistes a été un facteur tout à fait remarquable de renouvellement des formes esthétiques dans la peinture européenne. Sa caractéristique essentielle est certainement sa volonté d'invention, de changement qui…

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Zomerochtend, 1929 August Macke, Emil Nolde, Kandinsky, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Degenerate Art, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Van Gogh, Expressionist Artists, Primitive

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Zomerochtend, 1929

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff - Rain Clouds over Lake Garda 1927 Landscape Art, Landscape Paintings, Landscapes, Small Paintings, Schmidt, Blue Rider, Degenerate Art, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Tinkerbell
Small PaintingsSchmidtDegenerate ArtTinkerbell

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff - Rain Clouds over Lake Garda 1927

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff - In den Dunen, 1913 Max Beckmann, August Macke, Paula Modersohn Becker, Emil Nolde, Franz Marc, Kandinsky, Ludwig Meidner, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Art

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

Boote am Wasser - Karl Schmidt-Rottluff Franz Marc, Wassily Kandinsky, Cavalier Bleu, Degenerate Art, Expressionist Artists, Organic Art, Expressions, Art Moderne, Dresden

Meisterwerke des deutschen Expressionismus: Brücke & Blauer Reiter

Lebenslauf und Bilder der deutschen Expressionisten: Emil Nolde, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, ...

Anglur auf der Brucke - Karl Schmidt-Rottluff Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Blue Rider, Degenerate Art, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Expressionist Artists, West Berlin, Writers And Poets, Dresden, Art

Anglur auf der Brucke - Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff Emil Nolde, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Blue Rider, Degenerate Art, Max Beckmann, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Expressionist Artists, Berlin, Art
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Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

Oil on canvas Canvas Size, Oil On Canvas, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Blue Rider, Degenerate Art, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Expressionist Artists, Fauvism, Landscape Paintings
Canvas SizeKarl Schmidt RottluffDegenerate ArtExpressionist Artists

Oil on canvas

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Dunes and Lagoon, 1947 Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Max Beckmann, August Macke, Avant Garde Artists, Art

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff(DEU) カール・シュミット・ロットルフ(独)

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (Germany Pelargonientopf - Geranium Pot oil on fiberboard Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Lawrence Lee, Degenerate Art, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Art Studies, Geraniums, Impressionism, Printmaking, Art

LAWRENCE LEE MAGNUSON

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (Germany 1884-1976) Pelargonientopf - Geranium Pot (1951) oil on fiberboard 74 x 66 cm

À la gare, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff Emil Nolde, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Kandinsky, Dresden, Karl Schmidt Rottluff, Degenerate Art, Expressionist Artists, Vintage Artwork, Paisajes

En la estación

Oleo sobre lienzo realizado por Karl Schmidt-Rottluff en 1908. Se conserva en el Österreichische Galerie Wien y tiene unas dimensiones de 70 x 92 cm.