Founders of Black Wall Street

Collection by The Greenwood Experience • Last updated 12 weeks ago

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During the oil boom of the 1910s, the area of northeast Oklahoma around Tulsa flourished, including the Greenwood neighborhood, which came to be known as "the Negro Wall Street" (now commonly referred to as "the Black Wall Street") Photos courtesy of the Greenwood Cultural Center. and the Tulsa Historical Society.

The Greenwood Experience
Harris Prescription Laboratory. Greenwood Tulsa. Black Wall Street Pioneers. #GreenwoodExperience

Harris Prescription Laboratory. Greenwood Tulsa. Black Wall Street Pioneers. #GreenwoodExperience

Industrious families like the Williams’ found economic success in multiple ventures. The Williams’ owned and operated several businesses, including a theatre, a confectionery, a rooming house, and a garage. Black Wall Street. Tulsa, Greenwood Historic District

The Ghosts of Greenwood Past: A Walk Down Black Wall Street

Industrious families like the Williams’ found economic success in multiple ventures. The Williams’ owned and operated several businesses, including a theatre, a confectionery, a rooming house, and a garage. Black Wall Street. Tulsa, Greenwood Historic District

Mann's Grocery Store. Black Wall Street. Pioneers. Tulsa. Greenwood.

Mann's Grocery Store. Black Wall Street. Pioneers. Tulsa. Greenwood.

The Williams Family: Industrious families like the Williams’ found economic success in multiple ventures. The Williams’ owned and operated several businesses, including a theater, a confectionery, a rooming house, and a garage. Black Wall Street Pioneers. Greenwood

The Ghosts of Greenwood Past: A Walk Down Black Wall Street

The Williams Family: Industrious families like the Williams’ found economic success in multiple ventures. The Williams’ owned and operated several businesses, including a theater, a confectionery, a rooming house, and a garage. Black Wall Street Pioneers. Greenwood

Drug store. Black Wall Street. Tulsa. Greenwood

Greenwood Cultural Center

Drug store. Black Wall Street. Tulsa. Greenwood

Black Wall Street professionals

The Ghosts of Greenwood Past: A Walk Down Black Wall Street

Black Wall Street professionals

Prominent professionals like Dr. A.C. Jackson transcended, if only temporarily, the color line. Dr. Jackson, christened the most able Negro surgeon in America by the Mayo brothers (of Mayo Clinic fame), treated patients of both races. Dr. Jackson died tragically in the 1921 Tulsa Race Riot (the “Riot”)

The Ghosts of Greenwood Past: A Walk Down Black Wall Street

Prominent professionals like Dr. A.C. Jackson transcended, if only temporarily, the color line. Dr. Jackson, christened the most able Negro surgeon in America by the Mayo brothers (of Mayo Clinic fame), treated patients of both races. Dr. Jackson died tragically in the 1921 Tulsa Race Riot (the “Riot”)

Simon Barry. Savvy entrepreneurs like Simon Berry developed their businesses around the needs of the community, niche marketing by today’s standards. Berry created a nickel-a-ride jitney service with his topless Model-T Ford. He successfully operated a bus line that he ultimately sold to the City of Tulsa. He owned the Royal Hotel. He shuttled wealthy oil barons on a charter airline service he operated with his partner, James Lee Northington, Sr., a successful black building contractor…

The Ghosts of Greenwood Past: A Walk Down Black Wall Street

Simon Barry. Savvy entrepreneurs like Simon Berry developed their businesses around the needs of the community, niche marketing by today’s standards. Berry created a nickel-a-ride jitney service with his topless Model-T Ford. He successfully operated a bus line that he ultimately sold to the City of Tulsa. He owned the Royal Hotel. He shuttled wealthy oil barons on a charter airline service he operated with his partner, James Lee Northington, Sr., a successful black building contractor…

Simon Berry. Black Wall Street. Tulsa. Greenwood.

1921 Tulsa Race Riot (Virtual Exhibit) - Tulsa Historical Society & Museum

Simon Berry. Black Wall Street. Tulsa. Greenwood.