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Native American History
The connection between owls and women is old and deep. It has to so with women living often at the edge of life and death, knowing how to navigate the unknown, historically having little outer power and having to turn inward into the place where real power connects us all in the invisible.
James Jones (Photo Thosh Collins) is Cree From Tall Cree First Nations in northern Alberta who fuses together dance styles such as men's Fancy, tradition hoop dance, and b-boying to create a cutting edge contemporary style of movement on stage. Read more at http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/gallery/photo/james-jones-thosh-collins-thing-about-skins-photo-week-152144
Gall. 1840-1894. He was a great warrior and became a war chief in his twenties. Leading the Lakota in their long war against the US, he served with Sitting Bull during several battles, including the famous Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. A modern reassessment of the Battle of Little Bighorn has given Gall greater credit for several crucial tactical decisions that contributed to the Sioux and Cheyenne's defeat of the five companies of cavalry led by Custer of the 7th Cavalry.
Rain in the Face - His name may have been a result of a fight when he was a boy in which his face was splattered like rain with his Cheyenne adversary's blood. Late in his life, the chief related that the name was reinforced by an incident when he was a young man where he was in a battle in a heavy rainstorm with a band of Gros Ventres. At the end of the lengthy combat, his face was streaked with war paint.
Red Cloud was a great Oglala Lakota Sioux chief. He was successful in his war against the United States and was famous for saying of the white man: “They made us many promises…but they kept but one. They promised to take our land and they took it.” In 1884, Father Joseph Bushman, S.J. baptized Red Cloud, his family, and five other Lakota Chiefs into the Catholic Church.
Eagle Child, Atsina man. Photo: 1908. The Gros Ventre people, French: big belly, also known as the Atsina, are a historically Algonquian-speaking tribe located in north central Montana. Today the Atsina people are enrolled in the Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana, a federally recognized tribe.
Fort Marion -The army transported 72 Cheyenne, Kiowa, Comanche, Arapaho, and Caddo Indian prisoners from the Red River War ncluded one Cheyenne woman prisonerBuffalo Calf Woman, the wife of Medicine WaterEleven of the Comanche and Kiowa prisoners were actually Mexican captives who had been raised as tribal members.Lieutenant (later Captain) Richard Pratt had the prisoners’ hair cut and issued them European-style clothing.
"In the United States, November is Native American Heritage month. Thank you, U.S. Congress. This completely makes up for the systematic genocide of my ancestors, the theft of our lands, the fact that you’ve broken pretty much every treaty that you’ve signed with us, and hundreds of years of oppression." Quote from LastRealIndians.com.
Chippewa warrior, Qui-Wi-Zhen-Shish (Bad Boy) in partial native regalia, holding rifle. The Ojibwe or Chippewa are among the largest groups of Native Americans First Nations north of Mexico. They are divided between Canada and the United States. In Canada, they are the second-largest population among First Nations, surpassed only by Cree. In the United States, they had the fourth-largest population among Native American tribes, surpassed only by Navajo, Cherokee and the Lakota.