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ca. 3,200 BCE. Sumerian Tablet, Uruk. an intermediate form of writing with pictographs, a grid and wedges for numbers  which later developed into cuneiform in Mesopotamia.

ca. 3,200 BCE. Sumerian Tablet, Uruk. an intermediate form of writing with pictographs, a grid and wedges for numbers which later developed into cuneiform in Mesopotamia.

Administrative tablet from the Jamdat-Nasr period (Uruk III, 3100-2900 BCE). Some very early writing!

Administrative tablet from the Jamdat-Nasr period (Uruk III, 3100-2900 BCE). Some very early writing!

The Earliest Autograph Signatures (Circa 3,100 BCE) A pictographic list of titles and professions in ancient Sumeria (top), with the scribe's signature on the reverse side (bottom.) (View Larger) Pictographic lexical lists written in ancient Sumerian pictographic script on clay tablets are the earliest literature known, and also the earliest known evidence of school and learning.

The Earliest Autograph Signatures (Circa 3,100 BCE) A pictographic list of titles and professions in ancient Sumeria (top), with the scribe's signature on the reverse side (bottom.) (View Larger) Pictographic lexical lists written in ancient Sumerian pictographic script on clay tablets are the earliest literature known, and also the earliest known evidence of school and learning.

Gilgamesh

Gilgamesh

"Sacred Tree" Detail from a Stone relief from the throne room of Ashurnasirpal II | Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Iraq | Neo-Assyrian, 870–860 BC | Click on the image url to see the full image

"Sacred Tree" Detail from a Stone relief from the throne room of Ashurnasirpal II | Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Iraq | Neo-Assyrian, 870–860 BC | Click on the image url to see the full image

reproduction of a Sumerian star map or “planisphere” recovered from the 650BC underground library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh, Iraq in the late 19th century. Long thought to be an Assyrian tablet, computer analysis has matched it with the sky above Mesopotamia in 3300BC and proves it to be of much more ancient Sumerian origin. The tablet is an “Astrolabe”, the earliest known astronomical instrument. It usually consisted of a segmented, disc shaped star .

reproduction of a Sumerian star map or “planisphere” recovered from the 650BC underground library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh, Iraq in the late 19th century. Long thought to be an Assyrian tablet, computer analysis has matched it with the sky above Mesopotamia in 3300BC and proves it to be of much more ancient Sumerian origin. The tablet is an “Astrolabe”, the earliest known astronomical instrument. It usually consisted of a segmented, disc shaped star .

Calculation of the surface area of a terrain at Umma, Mesopotamia. Clay tablet, 2100 BCE.Louvre, Museum, Paris.

Calculation of the surface area of a terrain at Umma, Mesopotamia. Clay tablet, 2100 BCE.Louvre, Museum, Paris.

The oldest document in world history is a clay tablet created by the Sumerians, a people that lived in Ancient Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, in 3,300 B.C. More: http://bigpicturehistory.com/what-is-the-oldest-document-in-world-history/

The oldest document in world history is a clay tablet created by the Sumerians, a people that lived in Ancient Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, in 3,300 B.C. More: http://bigpicturehistory.com/what-is-the-oldest-document-in-world-history/