Ottoman Alem was placed on the top of the imperial tents or flags. They can easily be seen in miniatures depicting the Ottoman army on the march. They often had inscriptions on them from the Quran and sometimes there were floral motifs filling in any empty spaces. They could be made of copper, bronze, brass, iron and gold. Only in the 19th century did these standards started to incorporate a star and crescent moon.
In pictures: The British Museum's Shah Abbas exhibition
A steel standard (or 'alam) dating from the first half of the 17th century. These objects, carried in Shi'i religious processions, evolved from battle standards
Paşabahçe Ottoman Collection....
Alem İran, 16. yüzyıl sonu Delikli çelik, kalıp demir ek uzantılar 81,5 x 32,5 cm
Tutya Sürahi, 16. yüzyıl başları, İran-Safevi, çap: 22 cm, genişlik: 13 cm, y: 57.5 cm, T.S.M. 2/2875. .
A LARGE OTTOMAN GILT-COPPER (TOMBAK) FINIAL OTTOMAN TURKEY OR PROVINCES, 17TH/18TH CENTURY Rising from the faceted conical foot through the rounded shaft to two large rounded fluted bosses tapering slightly at end with crescent-shaped faceted finial with pointed ends 31in. (78.8cm.) high
Extremely Important Antique Islamic Persian Safavid Large Bronze Standard Alam