The events of August 1968 were a tragic outcome of the Prague Spring, as the short-lived political relaxation in communist Czechoslovakia in the late is referred to.
Alexander Dubcek became first secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. He initiated the "Prague Spring," a period of liberalization in the socialist state that prompted violent Soviet suppression.
Alexander Dubcek, helped raise living conditions in Czechoslovakia, led to Prague Spring
On 5 January 1968, reformist Alexander Dubček was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and continued until 21 August when the Soviet Union and other members of the Warsaw Pact invaded the country to halt his reforms. The period became known as the Prague Spring. Czechoslovakia remained controlled until 1989 when the Velvet Revolution ended pro-Soviet rule peacefully, undoubtedly drawing upon the successes of the non-violent resistance twenty years earlier.
Former high-ranking Communists acquitted of treason
Fotografie von Alexander Dubcek, während einer Rede, vor 1968.