The world famous spa town of Piešťany is situated in the northern part of the region of Dolné Považie at the foothills of the Považský Inovec Mts. and its fame is associated with the medicinal geothermal water and medicinal sulphuric mud. The mud and thermal mineral water in Piešťany have remarkable therapeutic effects on locomotion apparatus disorders and are unique not only in Europe, but worldwide too.
The local alkaline thermal springs were known in the spa Rajecké Teplice south of Žilina as early as century. In the century the spa was built here. Rajecké Teplice now is one of the most attractive spas in Slovakia.