Crimean war (1854–56) fought between Imperial Russia and an alliance consisting of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Second French Empire…
Mary Seacole was a nurse who worked in the Crimean War. She became a heroine of the war, her strength of character and kindness compared to that of Florence Nightingale. Born in slave-era Jamaica to a white Scottish father and free black Jamaican mother, she had learned folk medicine as a child, and in 1854 she traveled to England to help in the war effort. In July 1857 a fund-raising festival for her attracted thousands of people. This newspaper article describes the event
But her major achievement was to raise nursing to the level of a respectable profession for women. Nightingale believed that disease was, to a large extent, caused by dirt and bad smells. Although mistaken, this belief did lead to improvements in hygiene. This letter was sent by Florence Nightingale to Edwin Chadwick who was a social reformer noted for his work on reforming sanitary conditions for the poor. In it, Nightingale reveals her opinions of the treatment of Consumption (Tuberculosis).
The Treaty of Paris of 1856 settled the Crimean War between Russia and an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, the British Empire, Second French Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia. The treaty, signed on 30 March 1856 at the Congress of Paris, made the Black Sea neutral territory, closing it to all warships, and prohibiting fortifications and the presence of armaments on its shores. The treaty marked a severe setback to Russian influence in the region.